What is Cybercrime?

Cybercrime is defined as an unlawful action against any person using a computer, its systems, and its online or offline applications. It occurs when information technology is used to commit or cover an offense. However, the act is only considered Cybercrime if it is intentional and not accidental.

In this tutorial, you will learn:

Example of Cybercrime

Here, are some most commonly occurring Cybercrimes:

  • The fraud did by manipulating computer network
  • Unauthorized access to or modification of data or application
  • Intellectual property theft that includes software piracy
  • Industrial spying and access to or theft of computer materials
  • Writing or spreading computer viruses or malware
  • Digitally distributing child pornography

Cybercrime Attack Types

Cybercrime can attack in various ways. Here, is some most common cybercrime attack mode:

Hacking:

It is an act of gaining unauthorized access to a computer system or network.

Denial Of Service Attack:

In this cyberattack, the cyber-criminal uses the bandwidth of the victim's network or fills their e-mail box with spammy mail. Here, the intention is to disrupt their regular services.

Software Piracy:

Theft of software by illegally copying genuine programs or counterfeiting. It also includes the distribution of products intended to pass for the original.

Phishing:

Pishing is a technique of extracting confidential information from the bank/financial institutional account holders by illegal ways.

Spoofing:

It is an act of getting one computer system or a network to pretend to have the identity of another computer. It is mostly used to get access to exclusive privileges enjoyed by that network or computer.

Cyber Crime Tools

There are many types of Digital forensic tools

Kali Linux:

Kali Linux is an open-source software that is maintained and funded by Offensive Security. It is a specially designed program for digital forensics and penetration testing.

Ophcrack:

This tool is mainly used for cracking the hashes, which are generated by the same files of windows. It offers a secure GUI system and allows you to runs on multiple platforms.

EnCase:

This software allows an investigator to image and examine data from hard disks and removable disks.

SafeBack:

SafeBack is mainly using for imaging the hard disks of Intel-based computer systems and restoring these images to some other hard disks.

Data dumper:

This is a command-line computer forensic tool. It is freely available for the UNIX Operating system, which can make exact copies of disks suitable for digital forensic analysis.

Md5sum:

A tool to check helps you to check data is copied to another storage successfully or not.

Summary:

  • Cybercrime is an unlawful action against any person using a computer, its systems, and its online or offline applications.
  • The fraud did by manipulating computer network is an example of Cybercrime
  • Various types of Cyber crime attack modes are 1) Hacking 2) Denial Of Service Attack 3) Software Piracy 4) Phishing 5) Spoofing.
  • Some important tool use for preventing cyber attack are 1)Kali Linux, 2) Ophcrack, 3) EnCase, 4) SafeBack, 5) Data Dumber
  • Kali Linux is an open-source software that is maintained and funded by Offensive Security.
  • Ophcrack is a tool that is mainly used for cracking the hashes, which are generated by the same files of windows.
  • EnCase tool allows an investigator to image and examine data from hard disks and removable disks
  • SafeBack is mainly using for imaging the hard disks of Intel-based computer systems and restoring these images to some other hard disks.
  • Data dumper is a command-line computer forensic tool.
  • Md5sum is a helps you to check data is copied to another storage successfully or not.

 

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