Identifying Android application (AUT) objects using Uiautomatorviewer to write automation scripts

To automate any android application using Appium, user needs to identify the objects in AUT (Application under test).

While executing automation scripts, Appium uses "Uiautomatorviewer" to identify different properties of the object and use the properties to identify the required object.

What is it?

"UIautomatorviewer" is a GUI tool to scan and analyze the UI components of an android application. With "UIautomatorviewer", you can inspect the UI of an android application in order to find out the hierarchy and view different properties (id, text…) of the element.

Uiautomatorviewer Tutorial

Where to get it?

"Uiautomatorviewer" is a part of the Android SDK manager and will be accessible once you install the sdk manager. Download and install Android SDK manger from here

How to get started?

Once Android SDK installed, navigate to link c:\users\<username>\AppData\Local\Android\sdk\tools you'll notice a batch file with name 'uiautomatorviewer.bat'. Double click on it to launch "Uiautomatorviewer" GUI

Uiautomatorviewer Tutorial

How to use Uiautomatorviewer to find objects in my application

  1. Enable "developer" options on your device. Click here to know how to enable developer options on Android devices
  2. Connect your android device to PC via USB cable
  3. Select "Guru99" app from applications

Uiautomatorviewer Tutorial

  1. Click the 'Device screenshot' button to refresh the "Uiautomatorviewer" and to load the guru99 application GUI on "Uiautomatorviewer"

Uiautomatorviewer Tutorial

  1. After refresh is completed a screenshot of Guru99 application opens

Uiautomatorviewer Tutorial

  1. As you see in the above image, on the right side of the window there are 2 panels.
  • Upper panel contains node hierarchy the way the UI components are arranged and contained, clicking on the each node gives properties of UI element in the lower panel
  1. Select 'Quiz' button in the above image to view different properties (text, resource-id...)

Uiautomatorviewer Tutorial

How to use these properties to identify elements for automation

Well you cannot use the properties directly, each property has other names. Let's see how to use those properties values to work. Following attributes can be used to identify 'Quiz' button in Guru99 app.

  • text attribute can be used as "name"

Uiautomatorviewer Tutorial

  • resource-id attribute can be used as "id"

Uiautomatorviewer Tutorial

  • class attribute can be used as "className"

Uiautomatorviewer Tutorial

  • content-desc attribute can be used as "AccessibilityId"

    Uiautomatorviewer Tutorial

    Along with above attributes we can write xpaths for object identification

Error one might encounter while using Uiautomatorviewer

  • I'm seeing the error- "No Android devices were detected by adb" as shown in below screen shot how I can resolve this

Uiautomatorviewer Tutorial

Solution: Make sure your device is connected to PC

 

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