Selenium is an open-source automated testing tool. It can perform functional, regression, load testing on web applications across different browsers and platforms. Selenium is one of the finest tools, but it does have some drawbacks.
There are some strong contenders to Selenium available in the market. Following is a curated list of highly vetted Selenium alternatives.
TestCraft is a codeless Selenium test automation platform. The revolutionary AI technology and unique visual modeling allows for faster test creation and execution while eliminating test maintenance overhead. Testers create fully automated test scenarios without coding. Customers find bugs faster, release more frequently, integrate with CI/CD and improve overall quality of their digital products.
- No programming skills required. Leverage manual testers’ business knowledge and allow them to create automated test scenarios
- Substantially reduce maintenance costs. Scripts are automatically adjusted to change due to our AI mechanism. Major changes are adapted with a few clicks
- Selenium based. Quickly integrate and leverage modules developed by the community
- Provides immediate time to value. Nothing to install (SaaS). Easy to master
mabl delivers scriptless end-to-end test automation, integrated with your delivery pipeline, so you can focus on improving your app.
Using proprietary machine learning models, mabl automatically identifies and surfaces application issues quickly, so you can:
- Fix bugs fast - Robust test output helps you diagnose and fix bugs fast, before they impact your customers.
- Ship more code - Tests are automatically repaired when your UI changes so you can spend less time maintaining tests.
- Maintain quality - Prevent bad releases with automated regression insights on every build.
Squish is the GUI Test Automation tool of choice for more than 3000 companies worldwide to automate the functional regression tests and system tests of their graphical user interface (GUIs) and Human Machine Interfaces (HMIs). The Squish GUI testing tool, a 100% cross-platform tool, features
- In-depth support for all major GUI technologies
- Full support for all desktop, mobile, web and embedded platforms
- Test script recording
- Powerful and reliable object identification and verifications (object-based and image based)
- No dependency on screenshots or visual appearance
- Powerful integrated development environment (IDE)
- A wide range of popular script languages for test scripting
- Full support for Behavior Driven Development (BDD)
- Full control via command line tools
- Integrations with Test Management and CI-Systems
TestCafe Studio is a cross-platform, end-to-end web testing platform. TestCafe Studio allows you to create, run and maintain automated web tests with zero code.
- Built-in Visual Test Recorder – No code required.
- Cross-platform and Cross-browser – run tests on Windows, macOS, Linux, iOS, Android and within Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge and IE.
- No Additional Tools Required – No need for WebDriver, browser plugins or other testing software.
- Auto-generated Element Selectors - TestCafe Studio generates a selector for each page element used in the test, and provides a list of alternative selectors that cover various test scenarios.
- Built-in Waiting Mechanism
Deliver quality software with automated functional testing from Testim. Testim uses artificial intelligence to speed-up the authoring, execution and maintenance of automated tests.
- Seamless Integration with all CI/CD tools and collaborations
- Run on different browsers, platforms and mobile
- Data Driven TestingRun your tests with different data sets
- Quickly view and share easy-to-understand annotated screenshots with your team members through your bug tracker.
- Run thousands of tests on multiple browsers and get results in minutes
- Run the tests on your private cloud, on ours, or on premises
TestLeft is a UI Automation Testing Tool from Smartbear Software, that allows users to test in their own IDE and enables users to test earlier and faster than ever before.
- Create tests faster with industry-leading UI Object Spy. No manual program descriptions for every object
- Generate application models for web and desktop applications in two clicks
- Easily integrate with Cucumber, SpecFlow and JBehave to enable Behavior-Driven Development and accelerate shift test left
- Support for .NET, C#, Java, Jenkins, and more
- Seamless embeds into any development environment of DevOps ecosystem
- Create concise and shorter code for a robust testing framework
Functionize is the first autonomous cloud-based platform designed for enterprise teams that require continuous testing in a CI/CD pipeline. It leverages machine learning and AI that learns your application, eliminating selector-based maintenance entirely.
- NLP test creation - just write in English what you want to test
- Fully autonomous test cases generated from live user data
- Execute thousands of tests in minutes from any desktop or mobile browsers
- Root cause analysis automatically identifies all potential test failures and provides 1 click updates
- Self-healing tests
TestArchitect is a codeless test automation tool that focuses on scaling up automation coverage & productivity by leveraging Keyword Driven Testing. A small number of more-technical testers can support a much larger group of less-technical testers to achieve 80% automation coverage and more with TestArchitect.
- Codeless automation that uses Action Based Testing, a modern form of Keyword Driven Testing for high reusability and less maintenance costs.
- Intuitive spreadsheet IDE just like Excel
- Supported platforms: desktop, cross-browser, mobile testing, API, computer vision testing, etc.
- Operating Systems: Windows, Linux, macOS, Androids & iOS
- Integration plugins with most of the leading CI/CD/DevOps tools such as Azure DevOps, TFS, Jenkins, etc.
Ranorex Studio is a full-featured desktop, web and mobile test automation framework with over 14,000 users worldwide. With Selenium WebDriver built-in, users can create and execute tests on Selenium endpoints without writing Selenium code.
- Reliable capture-and-replay for codeless automation
- Full IDE for C# and VB.NET
- Robust object identification including dynamic elements
- Support for non-HTML web elements such as Java applets
- Data-driven testing
- Image-based validation
- Built-in reporting
- Distribute tests on a Selenium Grid or with the Ranorex parallel runner
Ranorex integrates with solutions for BDD, CI/CD, source control, test management, defect-tracking, etc. for a complete test automation toolchain.
Cypress is an open source test automation solution for web environments. This tool is closely aligned with current development practices when compared with Selenium.
- Test status menu feature allows seeing how many tests passed or failed
- Cypress automatically waits for commands and assertions before moving on
- Allows checking responsive sites with viewport sizing.
- It takes snapshots of a test run. For headless execution, it takes video of an entire test run.
- Cypress automatically reloads every change made in the tests
- Command Log and the app preview shows the precise automation actions on the web app during test execution.
iMacros is a record and playback tool for web testing. iMacros can also automate repetitious work. This testing tool is used for
- Browser Automation
- Web testing
- Data Extraction
- Free add-on for Internet Explorer, Firefox, and Chrome. Can automate almost all Web tasks.
- Allows functional, performance, and regression testing of web applications
- iMacros allows to upload data from a spreadsheet to a website or populate an Excel sheet with data directly from the website.
- Automate functional, performance, and regression testing for website technology including Java, Flex, Ajax or Silverlight applets.
Cucumber is an open source BDD (Behavior Driven Development) testing tool.
- Due to use of BDD, Business and IT teams can understand the tests.
- Cucumber merges specification and test documentation into one cohesive whole
- Updated continuously and with large community support.
13) UFT (Unified Functional Test)
UFT is also known as a QTP(Quick Test Professional) is the most robust commercial test automation tool. Initially developed by Mercury Interactive, it was later acquired by HPE and is now hands of MicroFocus. It is useful for functional as well as regression testing.
- UFT supports not only web but all kinds of development environments like SAP, Oracle, Seibel, etc.
- The tool supports cross-browser and multi-platform testing,
- Allows distributing tests across multiple machines.
- Image-based Object recognition is the best in Industry.
- Visual Test Script Design that helps in quicker test modification and upgrades.
- QTP/UFT uses VBScript language which is easy to use compared to other Test Scripting Languages.
Serenity BDD is a selenium alternative for automated acceptance and regression tests. This tool generates test reports that document and describe functional test coverage.
- Comments/narrative and screenshots for each test step.
- Aggregate vies of test results by Requirements or Release.
- Helps you write cleaner and more maintainable automation code.
- Map your automated tests back to your requirements
- Provides Test Coverage.
15) IBM Ration Functional Tester
IBM Rational Functional Tester is an automated functional and regression testing tool. This software offers automated testing features for functional, regression, GUI and data-driven testing. It supports a range of applications like Java, Siebel, SAP, Net, PowerBuilder, Ajax, etc.
- Visual editing through screenshots
- Rational Functional Tester enables your development teams to create associated keyword scripts which allow for easy re-use, improving efficiency.
- It makes it easier to code test scripts in Java with Eclipse.
- This functional testing tool automates code completion and offers advanced debugging options
- Easy Integration with other third-party software
16) Galen framework
Galen framework was initially introduced for the testing layout of web-applications in a real browser. Today it has become a fully functional testing framework. This automation test tool can be integrated with Selenium for visual and layout testing of web applications.
- HTML Based Error reporting with screenshots
- Easy to write/read syntax
- It offers multiple browsers support
- Using Galen specs language, you can describe any complex layout including different screen sizes or browsers.
- Galen Framework runs well in Selenium Grid. This allows to set up tests to run in a cloud-like Sauce Labs or BrowserStack
- Image Comparison feature.
SikuliX automates anything seen on the screen in Windows, Mac or Linux/Unix Operating System. It uses image recognition powered by OpenCV to identify and control GUI components. SikuliX workflows are based on searching images and acting on GUI elements with mouse and keyboard.
- SikuliX can be used to automate repetitive tasks.
- It can be used to automate a task or desktop/web application for daily use.
- To test application or web that is under development.
RedwoodHQ is an open source test automation framework. It is installed on a single server, and multiple people can use from the web interface. It runs with any HTML5 compatible browser without any installation.
- It allows observing test execution in real time with detailed results, clickable stack trace exceptions, and screenshots
- It allows executing automated test cases in parallel on multiple machines
- Import existing TestNG/JUnit test cases and develop new ones
- Compatible with tools like Jenkins or TeamCity to integrate with the continuous integration process
Watir is an open source Ruby library for automating the test. It supports functional and regression web tests.
- It supports web app irrespective of what it is developed in.
- It supports multiple browsers on different platforms
- Watir is a family of Ruby libraries, but it supports all other technologies
- It uses Ruby, a full-featured modern scripting language, rather than a proprietary vendor script
20) Telerik Test Studio
- Can perform API as well as Load Testing
- Robust Object Repository feature.
- Supports Continuous Integration.
- Native Support for the Telerik UI Controls
- Testing HTML Popups and Browser Dialogs
Screenster is a cloud-based UI testing platform. It is used for visual regression testing of web applications and websites. It captures a screenshot of each step and stores it as a baseline.
- Low-code solutions that enable you to automate UI tests without hand-coding.
- Recording tests in the easiest and fastest way to automate visual testing
- Screenster can run tests as part of CI. So, if a difference is detected between the baseline and a regression run, the test is marked as failed.
- Screenster offers great features like auto-correcting smart selectors and automatic timeout management.
22) Katalon Studio
Katalon Studio is an automation testing tool that works for both web and mobile app testing. It was developed to support users who are no longer be able to record and playback automation tests.
- Provides project templates for organizing keyword, test cases, and object repository
- Allows API testing for Web, iOS, Android, iOS and OS systems
- Easy to integrate with JIRA, Jenkins, GIT, and qTest with native plugins
- Builds advanced scripts with IDE or customize steps with tabular interface
23) Tricentis Tosca
Tricentis Tosca is a Continuous Testing platform that accelerates testing to keep pace with DevOps and Agile. It allows reusing tests by providing maintainability with model-based test automation. It helps to reduce regression testing time to minutes.
- Automate API, SAP, Web, Robotics, Mobile amongst others
- Deliver fast feedback for Agile and DevOps
- Reduce regression testing time to minutes
- Gain clear insight into business risk
24) Cloud QA
CloudQA is a SaaS-enabled functional test automation tool for web applications that are built over Selenium. This selenium alternative comprises of three different tools namely TruRT is using for functional & Regression testing, TruLoad for Load testing and TruMonitor for synthetic monitoring.
- Completely Integrated QA Automation Tool
- Testing modules were developed on one platform with a common architecture
- It offers a codeless environment to setup robust automated test case
- Allows integration with other ALM, bug tracking and version control tools