Before learning about the Dark web and Deep web, let us learn first about the surface web.
What is the Surface Web?
The surface web is also called visible web, or Indexed Web is the web that we use on a day-to-day basis. We are using this web to conduct our regular activities. We are all immersed in the surface web. It is where our daily online activities take place, and what most people consider as the Internet.
What is Deep web?
The Deep Web is worldwide Web content that is not included as a part of the Surface Web. It is hidden from the outside world, so standard search engines do not index it. It is the largest expanding category of new information on the Internet. The total quantity of the deep web is 1000-2000X greater than the quantity of the Surface Web.
It is defined by Dictionary.com as “the portion of the internet which is hidden and not shown from conventional search engines, as by encryption; the aggregate of unindexed websites.”
What is the Dark Web?
Dark Web is part or division of the Deep web, that is intentionally hidden from normal search engines. All its data is encrypted. To access it, you need special software, configurations, or authorization. It uses masked IP addresses, which accessible only with a specific web browser. For example, Tor, I2P, Freenet, etc.
- Deep web usually used for legit purposes that require anonymity but dark web sometimes used for illegal activities.
- To access Deep Web you require a password, encryption whereas to access dark web you require Tor Project or a similar browser.
- Both Deep and Dark Web are hidden and not shown to conventional search engines.
- Deep Web is larger than the Surface web on the other hand Dark web size is unmeasurable.
In this Dark Web vs Deep Web tutorial, you will learn:
- Dark web vs. Deep web
- Application of Dark Web
- Application of Deep Web
- Why not use Deep Web?
- Why use Dark Web?
- Onion Routing
- What is Tor Project?
- Best practices of using Dark web
Here are the main Difference between Dark and Deep web:
|Deep Web||Dark Web|
|Deep web is the portion of the Internet that is hidden and not shown from conventional search engines.||The dark web is a subset of the deep web which is intentionally hidden.|
|To access this, you require a password, encryption, or specialty software.||To access this, you require Tor Project or a similar browser.|
|It is larger than the Surface web.||It is a subset of the Deep Web, but its size is unmeasurable.|
|They are usually used for legit purposes that require anonymity.||Sometimes used for illegal activities.|
|It includes all unindexed webpages.||It only includes a subset of unindexed webpages inside the deep web.|
|You can access it with a VPN.||Need lots of precautions to access this data.|
Here are important applications of Dark Web:
- It is widely used by the internal sites of major companies, associations, and trade organizations
- The school, college, and university intranet systems use this to access online databases
- Password-protected secure websites with strict members-only access
- You can access some individual accounts for social media, email, banking, and more.
- It is also used for social media, blogging, text, and voice chat.
- To find hidden Yahoo Answers.
- Provide public records and certificates, library system indexes.
- Used for computer and technology skills classes and courses.
Here are important applications of Deep Web:
- Mainly Use for Military Purpose
- It is also used by businesspersons and policeman
- Journalists and whistle blowers
- Political Protesters, and Anti-Censorship Advocacy Groups
- Residents of Oppressive Political Regimes
Here are cons/drawback of Deep Web:
- Deep Web search engine is slower than standard search engines.
- Searching the Deep Web also needs precise search string.
- The Deep Web does not work as smoothly
- Deep Web searches also may return sensitive personal Information from normally restricted databases.
- It may create ethical dilemmas and leaving individuals prone to fraud and helps you to identify the theft.
Here are pros/benefits of Dark web
- The dark web provides an anonymous forum for free expression for people in countries that suffer from censorship, oppression, and intimidation.
- For businesses dealing with sensitive information, cybersecurity is paramount.
Onion routing is a technique that is used for anonymous communication over a computer network. In this type of routing, messages are encapsulated in layers of encryption, analogous to layers of an onion.
Onion is a pseudo-top-level domain name designating an anonymous onion service. It is reachable to you only using the Tor network. It encrypts data through a series of network nodes called onion routers, where each layer “peels” one by one and uncovering the data of the destination.
Here, the sender remains anonymous. It only knowns the location of the immediately preceding and following nodes. This encrypted data is transmitted through a series of network nodes known as an onion router. So when the last layer is decrypted, the message arrives at its destination.
In the entire process, the sender remains unknown and only aware about the location of the immediately preceding following nodes.
Tor is an anonymous browsing network. It uses the Onion routing method. In this method, messages and communication are encapsulated in layers of encryption, like onion layers, so it is hard to detect. It is a special kind of browser that provides individuals the ability to communicate anonymously.
The Tor browser can run on your computer, which helps to keep you safe on the Internet. It also protects you by bouncing your communications around a distributed network.
It prevents other people from accessing your Internet connection and also prevents websites from knowing about your physical location.
Tor directs Internet traffic consisting of more than seven thousand relays. This helps you to hide a user’s location and also stops anyone from conducting traffic analysis or network surveillance.
Here are some important best practices while using Dark web:
- Do not visit any illegal sites.
- Do not access any illegal material you may expose to the viruses.
- You should not download any files or software from the dark web.
- Do not download any files as many files in this environment contain malware.
- Limit your search only for serious, pain taking research, not for simple questions and basic web navigation.
- Trust no one in the Deep Web.
- Cover or disconnect your webcam lenses.
- Download nothing from these sites.
- For extra protection, disable java scripts.
- Do not use U torrent or any other torrenting services while surfing on the dark web.