Difference between React and Angular

Key Differences Between React and Angular

  • React is a JavaScript library that allows you to build UI components, whereas AngularJS is a structural framework for developing dynamic web apps.
  • React is based on Virtual DOM, whereas Angular JS is based on MVC (Model View Controller).
  • React is based on JavaScript, and Angular is based on Typescript.
  • React allows adding JavaScript libraries to the source code, while AngularJS doesn’t provide adding JavaScript libraries to the source code.
  • React requires a set of tools to perform different types of testing, whereas AngularJS provides testing and debugging for a complete project with a single tool.

Difference between React and Angular
Differences between React and Angular

Here, I have analyzed the difference between React and Angular and will comprehensively evaluate their pros and cons.

What is ReactJS?

ReactJS is a JavaScript library developed by Facebook that allows you to build UI components. It facilitates the creation of interactive User Interfaces and makes the code easier to understand and launch. The React JavaScript framework uses server-side rendering to provide a flexible, performance-oriented solution.

What is Angular?

Angular is a structural framework for developing dynamic web apps. It allows developers to use HTML as a template language and allows HTML’s syntax to express the application’s components briefly and clearly.

It is a fully-featured JavaScript framework that helps develop dynamic, single-page web apps. It also supports the (MVC) programming structure.

Key Features of React

From my hands-on work, here are the essential features of React.

  • Allows you to use third-party libraries.
  • Time-Saving.
  • Simplicity and composability.
  • Fully supported by Facebook.
  • Better user experience and very fast performance.
  • Faster Development.
  • Code Stability with One-Directive Data Binding.
  • React Components.

Key Features of Angular

As I have seen through my work, these are the features of Angular.

  • Built-in support for AJAX, HTTP, and Observables.
  • Large community support.
  • Consistent with technology.
  • Typescript offers greater efficiency.
  • Cleaner and crisper Coding.
  • Enhanced support for error handling.
  • Seamless updates using Angular CLI.
  • Forms and validation.
  • Shadow DOM / local CSS.
  • UI and Business Logic Separation.

Who uses React?

As per the BuiltWith statistics, 13,640,256 websites use React. Following is a list of the top companies that use React, including:

  • Facebook
  • Instagram
  • WhatsApp
  • Dropbox
  • Airbnb
  • Walmart
  • Bloomberg
  • BBC

Who uses Angular?

As per the BuiltWith statistics, 893,058 websites use Angular JS. Following is a list of the top companies that use Angular, including:

  • Upwork
  • Deutsche Bank
  • Forbes
  • PayPal
  • Gmail
  • Grasshopper
  • Delta Airlines
  • Samsung

When should I choose to react?

Stack Overflow Questions React vs. Angular
Stack Overflow Questions: React vs. Angular

React Native Framework will be the ideal choice for your app in the below-given cases:

  • You need an app with multiple events.
  • When your application development team has expertise in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.
  • You should use React when your requirements demand a personalized app solution.
  • You want to create shareable components in your app project.

When should I choose Angular?

React vs. Angular in Google Trends
The popularity of React vs. Angular in Google Trends.

Angular 5 is a framework that will be the ideal choice for your app in the below-given cases:

  • You want ready-to-use solutions with higher productivity.
  • When you want a large-scale, feature-rich application.
  • When the development team has experience with Java, C#, and previous versions of Angular.
  • App complexity remains Low to medium.

History of ReactJS

  • React was created by Jordan Walke in 2011, and Open Source sourced it in May 2013.
  • Facebook and Instagram released React 16.0 in September 2017.
  • The latest version, React Fiber, was released with React 16 in September 2017. It is an ongoing implementation of React’s Reconcillation Algorithm.

History of Angular

  • AngularJS was released in 2010 by Google.
  • The 2.0 version, also called Angular 2 or just Angular, was released in September 2016.
  • The 4.0 version was released in March 2017.
  • The 5.0 version was released in Nov 2017.

Popular Web Frameworks Among Developers

Here are the most used web frameworks worldwide, as per Statista data.

web frameworks
Popular Web Frameworks Among Developers

  • Node.js
  • React
  • jQuery
  • Express
  • Angular
  • Next.js
  • ASP.NET CORE

Advantages of React

Based on my extensive experience, here are the pros of using React:

  • Easy to learn because of its simple design.
  • The HTML-like syntax allows for templating and highly detailed documentation.
  • Developers can spend more time writing modern JavaScript and less time worrying about framework-specific code.
  • Enhance support for server-side rendering, making it a robust framework for content-focused applications.
  • Migrating between versions is available in React.
  • Facebook offers a “codemod” feature to automate much of the process.
  • Skills learned in React can be applied to Native development.
  • When combined with ES6/7, ReactJS is perfect for managing heavy loads with relative ease.

Advantages of Angular

In my extensive experience, here are the benefits of using Angular:

  • Offers clean code development.
  • High-end Performance.
  • Material Design-like Interface.
  • An angular framework can take care of routing, which means moving from one view to another is easy.
  • Seamless Updates using Angular CLI.

Disadvantages of React

As someone who has worked extensively with React, I have noticed these disadvantages:

  • Integrating React in a traditional MVC framework like Rail requires complex configuration.
  • ReactJS would require the users to have in-depth knowledge with respect to the integration of user interface into the MVC framework.

Disadvantages of Angular

From what I have seen, here are the issues with using Angular:

  • The documentation on the official Angular site is difficult to understand.
  • Steep learning curve.
  • Scopes are hard to debug in limited routing.
  • There are so many versions of Angular.
  • SEO capabilities are limited.

Differences between React.js and Angular.js

From my experience, here’s the main difference between React and Angular:

Difference Between React and Angular
ReactJS vs. AngularJS

Parameters React Angular
Type React is a JavaScript library, and it is much older than Angular. Angular is a complete framework.
Use of libraries ReactJS can be packaged with other programming libraries. Angular is a complete solution in itself.
Learning curve It is easier to grasp compared to Angular. However, it is difficult to learn when augmented with Redux. Learning to use Angular is not easy for beginners. Thus, it requires lots of training.
Community support When it comes to community support, React doesn’t offer much. It has a viable and dependable community support system.
Installation time React takes longer to set up. But it is really fast for delivering projects and building apps. Angular is easy to set up but may lead to an increase in coding time, which also results in delayed project deliveries.
Best feature It gives you the freedom to choose the tools, architecture, and libraries for developing an app. It offers a limited amount of freedom and flexibility.
Data binding React uses one-way data binding, which means that the Ul elements can’t be changed without updating the corresponding model state. Angular, on the other hand, uses the two-way data binding method. It helps you to ensure that the model state automatically changes when any change is made.
Testing & Debugging It requires a set of tools to perform different types of testing. Testing and debugging for a complete project are possible with a single tool.
Documentation Although it is also undergoing regular updates, the documentation is relatively faster. Due to the ongoing development process, the documentation is slower.
Updates Updates in React are simple because scripts help with migration. It plans updates every six months, which gives some time to make needed changes for migration.
Application Types Use this app if you want to develop Native apps, hybrid apps, or web apps. You should use this framework If you want to develop a SPA (single-page Application) and mobile apps.
Ideal for Ideal for modern web development and native-rendered apps for Android and iOS devices. Ideal to use when you want to develop large-scale, feature-rich applications.
Model It is based on Virtual DOM. Based on MVC (Model View Controller),
Written in JavaScript. Typescript.
Community Support Facebook developers community. A large community of developers and supporters.
Language preference JSX (JavaScript XML). TypeScript.
Companies
Using
Facebook, Uber Technologies, Instagram, Netflix, Pinterest, etc. Wepay, Beam, Auto Trader, Mesh, Streamline Social, etc.
Template JSX + J% (ES5/ES6) HTML + TypeScript
Abstraction Strong. Medium.
Adding a Javascript library to the source code Possible. Not possible.
Restriction React gives you the option to choose without imposing any performance penalty. An angular framework is very sensitive, which means that it restricts you from using large models.
Use of code React allows you to manage the code according to your desired format. Angular comes with many ready-to-use elements. However, it mainly comes from a specific provider. So, there are priority collisions and names.
GitHub stars 222k. 94.6k.
Fork 45.3k 24.6k.

How to Choose Between React and Angular

In my professional practice, I have observed that both React and AngularJS are highly effective for creating single-page applications. However, both of them are also entirely different instruments. There might be statements like React is better than Angular or vice versa.

Whatever your perception of the discussion about React Vs. AngularJS, you need to make choices based on your functionality and usability requirements.