A Content Management System (CMS) is a software application or a set of related programs to create and manage digital content. It allows users to create, manage, and modify content on a website without having specialized technical knowledge.
CMS also helps you to build your own system for creating web pages, storing images, and other functions. The content management system handles all the basic infrastructure stuff for you, which helps you to focus on more important aspects of your website.
In this tutorial, you will learn:
- What is a CMS?
- What is WordPress?
- What is Joomla?
- What is Drupal?
- WordPress Vs. Joomla Vs. Drupal: Key Differences
- Advantages of using WordPress
- Disadvantages of using WordPress
- Advantages of Using Joomla
- Disadvantages of using Joomla
- Advantages of Using Drupal
- Disadvantages of Using Drupal
- How to Choose the Right CMS?
WordPress is the world’s most popular open source and free-to-use CMS. It started as a blogging platform, but now it has significantly added features over the years. Today it is emerging as the complete content management software. To work on WordPress, you must install it on a web server.
Joomla is another popular CMS that allows you to build a website and various types of business-oriented online applications. It runs smoothly on most web servers without any issues because it is easy to use and a highly extensive free-to-use CMS tool.
Drupal is an open-source web development platform for creating an online content management system and user communities. Drupal CMS can be set up from a simple blog to a content portal used by large corporations.
Drupal can power any high traffic sites on the web and can be adapted to virtually any visual design. It also allows you to edit root files using a variety of plugins. You can make a significant change to the CMS.
Below are the key differences between WordPress, Joomla and Drupal CMS:
|Release Date||Released in 2003||Released in 2005||Released in 2001|
|Developer||Matt Mullenweg||Forked from Mambo.||Dries Buytaert|
|Skill Level to learn this application||Easy||Moderate||Advanced|
|Number of Downloads||> 140 million||>30 million||>15 million|
|Minimum Memory requires to run this application||60 MB||256 MB||32MB|
|Multilingual capabilities||Not straight out of the box.||Yes||Yes|
|The average frequency of Updates||42 Days||36 Days||51 Days|
|Number of Experts in Security Team||25 Experts||13 Experts||40 Experts|
|Best Used for||It is used for developing informative Websites or eCommerce stores.||Use for building Online Forums, Extensive Product Catalogues.||Enterprise Level
|Installation Time||5 Minutes||10 Minutes||10 Minutes|
|Level of Security||Good||OK||Very Good|
|DBMS support||MYSQL||MySQL, SQLServer,
|MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite|
|Available free plugins||27000||7000||24000|
|Level of skills Needed||Technical Expertise not needed.||Need a bit of technical expertise||Needs a high level of technical knowledge.|
|Companies using||eBay, LinkedIn, MIT, Foursquare.||Timble, Workwave, Construct, Digital.||Tesla Motors, Viber, Mint, Nokia.|
|Ranking of CMS||WordPress Ranks 1st||Joomla ranks 2nd in the most popular CMS in the World.||Drupal ranks 3rd in most popular CMS in the world.|
|Performance||Handles lower traffic well. However, it needs a better hosting plan for higher traffic.||Needs tweaking to avoid quick resource consumption||Loads more quickly with faster response times.|
|SEO||Excellent for SEO||Basic SEO||Good SEO|
|eCommerce||Yes, with woocommerce plugin.||Virtuemart for managing products and content.||Yes|
|GitHub stars||12.4 k||3.21k||Not available|
|Extensions||Plugins& Widgets||Components, Modules & plugins||Modules & Blocks|
|Salaries||The average salary for any professional WordPress Developer is $61,225 per year in the United States||The average salary for professional Joomla Developer is approximately $76,903 per||The average salary for any professional Drupal Developer is $96,067 per year in the United States.|
Users: WordPress Vs. Joomla Vs. Drupal
Stack Overflow Questions: WordPress Vs. Joomla Vs. Drupal
Google Trends: WordPress Vs. Joomla Vs. Drupal
Here are the Pros/Advantages for using WordPress:
- You can design complex pages with no coding skills using Page Builder plugins.
- WordPress is, by far, the most comfortable system for beginners to pick up.
- Largest community helps you to find the right themes and plugins.
- This blogspot software offers great plugin architecture.
- Lots of great professional developers.
- Fast development cycle. Improvements every year.
- The option of WordPress hosting or self-hosting.
- Ability to create beautiful webpages for multiple functions, including advanced SEO.
- Offers backward Compatibility.
- WordPress is in active development, and its patches are released regularly.
- WordPress Plugins comes with excellent unofficial support other than the main help document.
- WordPress offers a simple addition of posts or pages on the site.
- Minimal install interface and fast installation process.
- Hosts offer WordPress installation using cPanel with very few clicks.
Here are the Cons/Disadvantages for using WordPress:
- As it used 3rd party plugins which may not be updated, more than 50,000 WordPress websites are hacked every year.
- Few plugins might not work when the platform is updated.
- Relatively weak core code. However, it is getting better every year.
- Lack of built-in flexibility for more significant, sophisticated sites.
- WP core requires a frequent update which may break your existing plugins.
Here are the Pros/Advantages for using Joomla:
- Joomla offers very easy to use admin panel to manage large amounts of information.
- Joomla is suitable for websites when you need more content management.
- It allows you to preview of the configuration before installation starts.
- In Joomla, most host offers installation using cPanel requiring no technical knowledge.
- It offers a perfect balance between ease of use and complexity of functionality.
- It is suited for a multi-user environment. Think of university sites.
- Powerful, user-friendly admin interface
Here are the Cons/Disadvantages for using Joomla:
- Built-in performance is very sluggish/clunky.
- Weak logging.
- Most of the available useful plugins are paid.
- Unlike other CMS, it is not developer-oriented.
- Limited marketplace for extensions compared to Drupal and WordPress.
- Offers very less customizable options for features and functionality.
- Plugins not always play well together, so you need coding knowledge to fix.
Here the are Pros/Advantages for using Drupal:
- Webpage creation like Panels, Views, and Web forms are made simple and highly secured.
- Drupal offers modules with attractive options for customizations.
- A website developed using Drupal CMS is more secure as compared to other CMS.
- This blogspot software offers easy to understand and clean core code.
- Some excellent developers are available for hire.
- Helps you to manage complex, multi-domain management.
- A ton of built-in site management options.
- Access to thousands of modules and themes.
- The ability to customize every aspect of your experience.
Here are the Cons/Disadvantages for using Drupal:
- The platform is quite complicated to learn as compared to WordPress or Joomla.
- Requires a hosting service and domain name as it doesn’t offer to hosted service like WordPress and Joomla.
- The setup process is very time-consuming and lengthy if you’re using a lot of modules.
- You should have basic knowledge of HTML and other web coding languages.
- Extension updates are not always compatible with the backend.
Here are three platforms used in different situation which clear when to use which CMS:
- WordPress is an ideal CMS option that is simple and quick to install. WordPress is an excellent CMS for beginners and is fast to set up, easy to customize with available in millions of different templates.
- Joomla is the best option for people who want to create a social network or eCommerce store. Best to use by someone who understands PHP language but simple enough for anyone to use.
- Drupal is the most powerful system but only suited to experienced internet users and programmers.