C is a programming language that was developed at Bell Lab in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie. The C language was developed with an objective of writing system software. It is an ideal language for developing firmware systems.
C language combines the features of Low level as well as High-level Language. Hence it's considered a middle-level Language.
In this C and Java difference tutorial, you will learn
Java is a multi-platform, object-oriented, and network-centric programming language. It is among the most used programming language. Java is also used as a computing platform, and it was first released by Sun Microsystem in 1995. It was later acquired by Oracle Corporation.
C is a Procedural Programming Language whereas Java is an Object-Oriented language.
C is middle level language while Java is high level language.
C does not support threading on the other hand Java has a feature of threading.
C supports pointers but Java does not support pointers.
In C garbage collection needs to managed manually while in Java, it is automatically managed by a garbage collector
C offers support for call by value and call by reference but Java only supports call by value.
In C language memory allocation can be done by malloc while in Java memory allocation can be done by the new keyword.
History of C language
Here, are important landmarks from the history of C language:
In 1967, a new computer programming language was announced called 'BCPL,' which stands for Basic Combined Programming Language.
In 1970 a new programming language called 'B' was introduced by Ken Thompson that contained multiple features of 'BCPL'.
In 1972, after B language a great computer scientist Dennis Ritchie created a new programming language called 'C' at the Bell Laboratories.
American National Standards Institute (ANSI) defined a commercial standard for 'C' language in 1989.
It was approved by the International Standards Organization (ISO) in 1990
History of Java
Here, are important landmarks from the history of the Java language:
The Java language was initially called OAK. Originally, it was developed for handling portable devices and set-top boxes. Oak was a massive failure.
In 1995, Sun changed the name to "Java" and modified the language to take advantage of the burgeoning www (World Wide Web) development business.
Later, in 2009, Oracle Corporation acquired Sun Microsystems and took ownership of three key Sun software assets: Java, MySQL, and Solaris.
What is the Difference Between C and Java
Here, are important differences between C vs Java
C is a Procedural Programming Language.
Java is an Object-Oriented language.
C was developed by Dennis M. Ritchie in 1972.
Java language was developed by James Gosling in 1995.
It is a middle-level language as it is binding the gaps between machine level and high-level languages.
It is a high-level language because the translation of code is taken place into machine language, which uses compiler or interpreter.
In the C declaration variable are declared at the beginning of the block.
In Java, you can declare a variable anywhere.
Free is a variable used for freeing the memory in C.
A compiler will free up the memory by calling the garbage collector.
C does not support threading.
Java has a feature of threading.
C support pointers.
Java does not support pointers.
Memory allocation can be done by malloc.
Memory allocation can be done by a new keyword.
Garbage collector needs to manage manually.
In Java, it is automatically managed by a garbage collector
C does not have a feature of overloading functionality.
Java supports method overloading.
C offers support for call by value and call by reference.
Java only supports a call by value.
The average salary for a C Developer is $104,051 per year in the United States.
The average salary for a java developer is $104,710 per year.
TIOBE rating is 2
TIOBE rating is 1
Features of C
Here, are important features of C
Easy to learn
It produces efficient programs
C is a basic and core computer programming language. If anyone knows C learning other programs becomes easier.
Portable and extensible programming language.
Small in size because it has only 32 keywords, this makes it easy to learn.
Features of Java
Here are the important features of the Java language.
Write code once and run it on almost any computing platform
It is designed for building object-oriented applications.
It is a multithreaded language with automatic memory management.
Facilitates distributed computing as its network-centric.