10 Best Programming Language to Learn in 2023

With time old programming languages become obsolete while new programming languages are launched, but they never gain traction. A common question amongst beginners (and coders alike) is the programming language they should invest learning in, that is in demand, stable outlook, and plenty of jobs.

โ“ What Programming Language should I Learn?

Each programming language is designed for a specific purpose and has its relative merits and demerits. Also, the answer to the most useful programming language to learn is subjective and depends on your familiarity with coding. Irrespective, the following 3 parameters are essential to narrow a language a choice.

1.Job Opportunities in the chosen Language.
2.The popularity of the chosen programming language should be on an uptick.
3.Your Career / Life Goals.

Below, we have listed the 10 Most Useful Programming Languages you can learn right now. Sample Usage and Applications of each language are also listed to help you decide.
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1) Python

Created: Python language developed by Guido van Rossum. It was first released in 1991.

Python Tutorial

๐Ÿ‘ Pros ๐Ÿ‘Ž Cons
It is one of the best programming language to learn which supports multiple systems and platforms Note ideal for Mobile Computing
Object-Oriented Programming (OOPs) driven. Pythonโ€™s database access layer is bit underdeveloped and primitive.
Helps to improve Programmerโ€™s Productivity
It is one of the best coding language to learn that allows you to scale even the most complex applications with ease
Extensive Support Libraries

Usage/Application: Web and Internet Development, Scientific and Numeric applications, Desktop GUIs, Business applications. It is widely used in AI and Machine Learning space.

Salary: An average salary for any Python developer in United State is $114,383 per year.

Learning Difficulty: Easy

Reason Selected: Machine Learning, AI, and Data Science are emerging fields and Python is a staple programming language in such software programs.

Link: Learn Python Tutorial


2) Java

Created: James Gosling primarily designed Java at Sun Microsystems in the year 1996

Java Tutorial

๐Ÿ‘ Pros ๐Ÿ‘Ž Cons
Object- Oriented language Memory management in Java is quite expensive
Java offers APIs for different activities like Database connection, networking, XML parsing, utilities, etc. The absence of templates can limit you to create high-quality data structures.
Powerful open source Rapid Development tools
It is one of the best programming language to learn that has large number of open source libraries

Usage/Application: Java mostly used for developing Android apps, web apps, and Big data.

Salary: An average salary for any Java developer in United State is $101,013 per year.

Learning difficulty: Learning Java is simple and easy.

Reason Selected: Java has wide and growing adoption. There is and will never be a shortage of jobs requiring Java Skills.

Link: Learn Java Tutorial


3) R

Created: R was designed by Robert Gentleman and Ross Ihaka at the University of Auckland. This project was conceived in 1992, but it’s initial version released in 1995 and a stable beta version in 2000.

R Tutorial

๐Ÿ‘ Pros ๐Ÿ‘Ž Cons
R is one of the best programming languages to learn which is a comprehensive statistical analysis language that encourages you to develop new ideas In R, quality of some packages is not up to the mark
As a statistical language which is considered to be very easy to code R does not have the best memory management. Therefore, it may consume all available memory.
R is open-source software. Therefore, anyone can use and change it
R is good for GNU/Linux and Microsoft Windows.
R is one of the most useful programming languages which is cross-platform that means it can seamlessly run on different operating systems.

Usage/Application: Data Science projects, Statistical computing, Machine learning

Salary: An average wage for any R developer ranges from approximately $90,042 to $136,616 per year

Learning Difficulty: Hard

Reason Selected: Data Sciences is a booming field and R is primarily used for Data Analysis.

Link: Learn R Programming


4) Javascript

Created: JavaScript was earlier called LiveScript when it first shipped in with Netscape Navigator 2.0 in September 1995. Later, it was renamed as a JavaScript.

Javascript Tutorial

๐Ÿ‘ Pros ๐Ÿ‘Ž Cons
Client-side JavaScript is very fast as it can be run quickly in the client-side browser JavaScript only allows single inheritance, so multiple inheritances are not possible
JavaScript is one of the best coding language to learn which is relatively simple to learn. No copy or equal method is available in JavaScript.
It is one of the best programming language to learn which can work smoothly with other languages and can be used in a huge variety of applications. JavaScript interpreted differently by different browsers.
Grease monkey support to write snippets of JavaScript which can execute on specific web pages

Usage/ Applications: JavaScript usage include web/mobile app development, game development, and desktop app development.

Salary: An average wage for Javascript developer in the United States is around $110,981 per year

Learning Difficulty: Easy

Reason Selected: With NodeJS JavaScript now supports Server-Side Scripting as well. JavaScript is an indispensable language there will always be a need for JS skills.

Link: Learn Javascript Tutorial


5) Swift

Created: Swift was developed by Apple in July 2010 so that iOS developers do not need to work with Objective-C.

๐Ÿ‘ Pros ๐Ÿ‘Ž Cons
The Swift program codes are near to natural English, so it is easy to read With the continues updating of swift versions of Apple, Swift is somewhat unstable
It is one of the most useful programming languages which has easy to add new features which makes swift high- level language As it is a new programming language the pool of Swift developers is very limited
It is one of the best coding language to learn that does not have long code line.
Automatic Memory Management feature prevents the memory leaks.

Usage applications: Swift is specially designed language which works with Apple’s Cocoa and Cocoa Touch frameworks to create all types of iOS apps.

Salary: An average salary for iOS developer in the United States is around $130,801 per year

Learning difficulty: Easy

Reason Selected: Apple! Should we say more?


6) C++

Created: C++ is a programming language that was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1983.

C++ Tutorial

๐Ÿ‘ Pros ๐Ÿ‘Ž Cons
It is a popular language, and thus, there are many compilers and libraries The syntax is complex, and the standard library is small, making this language very difficult to learn for the beginner programmer.
Other programming languages like C, C#, and Java have very similar syntax to C++, make it easy to learn for everyone who knows C++. C++ program canโ€™t support garbage collection or Dynamic Memory Allocation
It is one of the popular coding languages which has no garbage collector running in the background. The object orientation system in C++ is unnecessarily basic compared to other languages.

Usage applications: C++ is widely used in Game Development, Advance Computations, and Graphics Compilers

Salary: The average salary of C++ developers in the United States is $113,865 per year.

Learning Difficulty: Hard

Reason Selected: C++ is robust language and is widely used in diverse fields. Will never go out of fashion

Link: Learn C++ Tutorial


7) C#

Year Created: C# is a computer programming language. It’s the first version released in 2001.

C# Tutorial

๐Ÿ‘ Pros ๐Ÿ‘Ž Cons
C# uses almost similar syntax which follows by C so it easy to understand for those who know C language It allows pointers in โ€˜unsafeโ€™ blocks
It is one of the best coding language to learn that has Easy Integration with Windows
Fully integrated with the .NET library which provides access to a repository of functionality and support.
Safer than its namesakes (C/++) as pointer types are not permitted

Usage applications: Widely used in Enterprise Cross-Applications Development, Web Applications

Salary: The average salary for “C# developer” ranges from $66,493 per year to $101,775 per year

Learning Difficulty: Hard

Reason Selected: Widely used in Enterprise software and the skill is in demand.

Link: Learn C# Tutorial


8) PHP

Year Created: Rasmus Lerdorf created PHP in 1994

PHP Tutorial

๐Ÿ‘ Pros ๐Ÿ‘Ž Cons
Running with PHP is simple Error handling facility is poor as PHP lacks debugging tool
Functional and Object-Oriented Programming Developing a website with PHP Web Development is slower than other programming languages.
It is one of the top programming languages that has Large Open Source Software Community
It is one of the best coding languages which has reasonably good system of automation tools available for testing and deploying
It is an open source programming language

Usage applications: Web Applications, Content Management Systems, eCommerce Applications

Salary: The average salary for a PHP Developer in the US is $84,727 per year

Learning Difficulty: Easy

Reason Selected: Most popular scripting language. WordPress, Facebook all created using PHP. Never a shortage of PHP jobs.

Link: Learn PHP Tutorial


9) SQL

Created: SQL was developed at IBM by Donald D. Chamberlin and Raymond F. Boyce. This language was made available publicly in 1979.

SQL Tutorial

๐Ÿ‘ Pros ๐Ÿ‘Ž Cons
Powerful query language Difficult to convert data from Objects into database tables
Optimised for large numbers of table rows It can only run on the single server, so increasing speed means upgrading hardware.
Fast for searching and querying of data As SQL databases run on a single server so in case if the server stop working, then the database shouldnโ€™t be accessed
High availability and consistency of data
Fast for retrieving data from multiple tables

Usage applications: Used in Any Database

Salary: The average salary earned by SQL Developer is $84,792 per year in the United States

Learning Difficulty: Easy

Reason Selected: You need to know database and SQL irrespective of what profile/language chose as a software developer.

Link: Learn SQL Tutorial


10) Go

Created: Go language which is also known as golang is developed at Google in 2009 by Robert Griesemer, Ken Thompson, and Rob Pike.

Go Programming Language Tutorial

๐Ÿ‘ Pros ๐Ÿ‘Ž Cons
Go is a really fast language as it is compiled to machine code Poor Library Support
Its syntax is small compared to other languages, and itโ€™s easy to learn. Interfaces Are Implicit
It is one of the best programming languages to learn which offers standard library to provide handy built-in functions for working with primitive types Fractured Dependency Management
Go makes concurrent programming easy.

Usage applications: Console utilities, GUI applications, and web applications

Salary: The average salary earned by GO Developer is $94,082 per year in the United States

Learning Difficulty: Difficult

Reason Selected: Upcoming language from Google.

Link: Learn Go Programming

FAQ

DA programming language is a language that is used to develop computer programs. The programs developed can range from operating systems; data based applications through to networking solutions.

Below are some of the Best Programming Language to Learn:

  • Python
  • Java
  • R
  • Javascript
  • Swift
  • C++
  • C#
  • PHP