In this tutorial, we will learn, Store commands, Echo commands, Alerts and Popup handling.

Storing Variables and the Echo command

Store

To store variables in Selenium IDE, we use the "store" command. The illustration below stores the value "tutorial" to a variable named "myVariable."

Store Variables, Echo, Alert, PopUp handling in Selenium IDE

To access the variable, simply enclose it in a ${ ... } symbol. For example, to enter the value of "myVariable" onto the "userName" textbox of Mercury Tours, enter ${myVariable} in the Value field.

Store Variables, Echo, Alert, PopUp handling in Selenium IDE

StoreElementPresent

This command stores either "true" or "false" depending on the presence of the specified element. The script below stores the Boolean value "true" to "var1" and "false" to "var2". To verify, we will use the "echo" command to display the values of var1 and var2. The Base URL for the illustration below was set to Mercury Tours homepage.

Store Variables, Echo, Alert, PopUp handling in Selenium IDE

 

StoreText

This command is used to store the inner text of an element onto a variable. The illustration below stores the inner text of the tag in Facebook onto a variable named 'textVar.'

 

Store Variables, Echo, Alert, PopUp handling in Selenium IDE

Since it is the only element in the page, it is safe to use 'css=h1' as our target. The image below shows that Selenium IDE was able to save the string "Sign Up" in the 'textVar' variable by printing its value correctly.

 

Store Variables, Echo, Alert, PopUp handling in Selenium IDE

 

Alerts, Popup, and Multiple Windows

 

Alerts are probably the simplest form of pop-up windows. The most common Selenium IDE commands used in handling alerts are the following:

assertAlert assertNotAlert   retrieves the message of the alert and asserts it to a string value that you specified
assertAlertPresent assertAlertNotPresent   asserts if an Alert is present or not
storeAlert retrieves the alert message and stores it in a variable that you will specify
storeAlertPresent returns TRUE if an alert is present; FALSE if otherwise
verifyAlert verifyNotAlert   retrieves the message of the alert and verifies if it is equal to the string value that you specified
verifyAlertPresent verifyAlertNotPresent verifies if an Alert is present or not

  Remember these two things when working with alerts:

  • Selenium IDE will automatically click on the OK button of the alert window, and so you will not be able to see the actual alert.
  • Selenium IDE will not be able to handle alerts that are within the page's onload() function. It will only be able to handle alerts that are generated after the page has completely loaded.

In this example, we will use the storeAlert command to show that even though Selenium IDE did not show the actual alert, it was still able to retrieve its message.

Step 1. In Selenium IDE, set the Base URL to http://jsbin.com.  & the full url is: http://jsbin.com/usidix

Step 2. Create the script as shown below.

Store Variables, Echo, Alert, PopUp handling in Selenium IDE

 

Step 3. Execute the script and do not expect that you will be able to see the actual alert. 

Store Variables, Echo, Alert, PopUp handling in Selenium IDE

 

Confirmations

 

Confirmations are popups that give you an OK and a CANCEL button, as opposed to alerts which give you only the OK button. The commands you can use in handling confirmations are similar to those in handling alerts.

 

  • assertConfirmation/assertNotConfirmation
  • assertConfirmationPresent/assertConfirmationNotPresent
  • storeConfirmation
  • storeConfirmationPresent
  • verifyConfirmation/verifyNotConfirmation
  • verifyConfirmationPresent/verifyConfirmationNotPresent

However, these are the additional commands that you need to use to instruct Selenium which option to choose, whether the OK or the CANCEL button.

  • chooseOkOnNextConfirmation/chooseOkOnNextConfirmationAndWait
  • chooseCancelOnNextConfirmation

You should use these commands before a command that triggers the confirmation box so that Selenium IDE will know beforehand which option to choose. Again, you will not be able to see the actual confirmation box during script execution.

Let us test a webpage that has a button that was coded to show whether the user had pressed the OK or the CANCEL button.

Step 1. In Selenium IDE, set the Base URL to http://jsbin.com & the full url is: http://jsbin.com/enifaf

Step 2. Create the script as shown below. This time, we will press the OK button first.

Store Variables, Echo, Alert, PopUp handling in Selenium IDE

Step 3. Execute the script and notice that you do not see the actual confirmation, but the webpage was able to indicate which button Selenium IDE had pressed.

Store Variables, Echo, Alert, PopUp handling in Selenium IDE

Step 4. Replace the "chooseOkOnNextConfirmation" command with "chooseCancelOnNextConfirmation" and execute the script again.

Store Variables, Echo, Alert, PopUp handling in Selenium IDE

Multiple Windows

 

If you happen to click on a link that launches a separate window, you must first instruct Selenium IDE to select that window first before you could access the elements within it. To do this, you will use the window's title as its locator.

We use the selectWindow command in switching between windows.

We will use a link http://jsbin.com/ocinaj/1 whose title is "First Window." The "here" hyperlink found on that page will open Facebook in a new window, after which we shall instruct Selenium IDE to do the following:

  • Transfer control from the parent window to the newly launched Facebook window using the "selectWindow" command and its title as the locator
  • Verify the title of the new window
  • Select back the original window using the "selectWindow" command and "null" as its target.
  • Verify the title of the currently selected window

Store Variables, Echo, Alert, PopUp handling in Selenium IDE

Step 1. Set the Base URL to http://jsbin.com.

Step 2. Create the script as shown below.

Store Variables, Echo, Alert, PopUp handling in Selenium IDE

We need the "pause" command to wait for the newly launched window to load before we could access its title.

Step 3. Execute the script. Notice that the Test Case passed, meaning that we were able to switch between windows and verify their titles successfully.

Store Variables, Echo, Alert, PopUp handling in Selenium IDE

Always remember that setting selectWindow's target to "null" will automatically select the parent window (in this case, the window where the element "link=here" is found)

Note: Facebook has changed the title since the creation of Tutorials. Please modify the code accordingly

Summary

  • The "store" command (and all its variants) are used to store variables in Selenium IDE
  • The "echo" command is used to print a string value or a variable
  • Variables are enclosed within a ${...} when being printed or used on elements
  • Selenium IDE automatically presses the OK button when handling alerts
  • When handling confirmation dialogs, you may instruct Selenium IDE which option to use:
    • chooseOkOnNextConfirmation/chooseOkOnNextConfirmationAndWait
    • chooseCancelOnNextConfirmation
  • Window titles are used as locators when switching between browser windows.
  • When using the "selectWindow" command, setting the Target to "null" will automatically direct Selenium IDE to select the parent window.

 

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