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Following is a step by step guide to install Java on Linux. In this training, we will install Java on Ubuntu. The process and install commands remain the same, for different flavors of Linux, or versions of Java.

How to Install Oracle Java on Ubuntu Linux

Step 1) Before you start with the setting up Java, you will need to remove the OpenJDK/JRE from the system.

To do this, use below command-

sudo apt-get purge openjdk-\*

How to Install Java On Ubuntu

You will be asked for a confirmation. Enter Y

How to Install Java On Ubuntu

Wait for sometime for uninstall to complete

Step 2) Check whether Ubuntu OS architecture is 32-bit or 64-bit.

You can do it using the following command-

file /sbin/init

How to Install Java On Ubuntu

Step 3) Download latest Java (a zip file e.g., jdk-8-linux-x64.tar.gz) from Oracle site-

http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/index.html

How to Install Java On Ubuntu

Accept the License Agreement.

  • Select x86 for 32-bit system
  • Select x64 for 64-bit system
  • Select the tar.gz for Ubuntu
  • Select rpm for Debian based system

How to Install Java On Ubuntu

Once a download is complete you will see

How to Install Java On Ubuntu

Step 4) In the terminal, navigate to the location of your zip file

How to Install Java On Ubuntu

Extract contents of java zip file in a directory of your choice.

In this tutorial, we will extract in the Downloads folder itself –

sudo tar -xvf jdk-8u5-linux-i586.tar.gz

How to Install Java On Ubuntu

Enter your password, if asked. The unzip will continue. Once done you will see the following folder -

How to Install Java On Ubuntu

Step 5) Add the following system variables to the end of /etc/profile file

JAVA_HOME=<Directory where JAVA has been extracted>/jdk1.8.0
PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin:$JAVA_HOME/bin
export JAVA_HOME
export PATH

To do so –

Enter command

"sudo nano /etc/profile"

How to Install Java On Ubuntu

Enter the system variables

How to Install Java On Ubuntu

Press Control+C to enter into command mode

How to Install Java On Ubuntu

Press ^+X to Exit

How to Install Java On Ubuntu

Press "Y" to save the changes

Step 6) Now reload environment using a command,

. /etc/profile

How to Install Java On Ubuntu

Step 7) Its time to let Ubuntu know where our JDK/JRE is located.

Copy-paste below lines into a command prompt.

sudo update-alternatives --install "/usr/bin/java" "java" "<Directory where JAVA has been extracted>/bin/java" 1
sudo update-alternatives --install "/usr/bin/javac" "javac" "<Directory where JAVA has been extracted>/bin/javac" 1
sudo update-alternatives --install "/usr/bin/javaws" "javaws" "<Directory where JAVA has been extracted>/bin/javaws" 1

How to Install Java On Ubuntu

Step 8) Tell Ubuntu that our installation i.e., jdk1.8.0_05 must be the default Java.

Use below commands to do this-

sudo update-alternatives --set java <Directory where JAVA has been extracted>/bin/java
sudo update-alternatives --set javac <Directory where JAVA has been extracted>/bin/javac
sudo update-alternatives --set javaws <Directory where JAVA has been extracted>/bin/javaws

How to Install Java On Ubuntu

Step 9) Test the installation using below command,

java -version

How to Install Java On Ubuntu

A successful installation will show information as seen in the above screenshot.

 

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