Python print() built-in function is used to print the given content inside the command prompt. The default functionality of Python print is that it adds a newline character at the end.

In this Python tutorial, you will learn:

Working of Normal print() function

The print() function is used to display the content in the command prompt or console. Here is an example that shows the working of print() function in Python.

print("Hello World")
print("Welcome to Guru99 Tutorials")
Output
Hello World
Welcome to Guru99 Tutorials

In the given output, you can see that the strings that we have given in print() are displayed on separate lines. The string "Hello World " is printed first, and "Welcome to Guru99 Tutorials" is printed on the next line.

How to print without a newline in Python?

From Python 3+, there is an additional parameter introduced for print() called end=. This parameter takes care of removing the newline that is added by default in print().

In the example below, we want the strings to be printed on the same line. To get that working just add end="" inside print() as shown in the example below:

print("Hello World ", end="")
print("Welcome to Guru99 Tutorials")

Output:

Hello World Welcome to Guru99 Tutorials

We are getting the output that we wanted, but there is no space between the strings. The string Hello World and Welcome to Guru99 Tutorials are printed together without any space.

In order to add space or special character or even string to be printed, the same can be given to the end="" argument, as shown in the example below.

print("Hello World ", end=" ")
print("Welcome to Guru99 Tutorials")

So I here we have added one space to the end argument, for example (end=" "). Now, if you see the output, you should see a space between Hello World and Welcome to Guru99 Tutorials.

Output:

Hello World  Welcome to Guru99 Tutorials

It's not only space that you can give to the end argument, but you can also specify a string you wish to print between the given strings. So here is an example of it

print("Hello World ", end="It's a nice day! ")
print("Welcome to Guru99 Tutorials")

Output:

Hello, World It's a nice day!  Welcome to Guru99 Tutorials

Print Without Newline in Python 2.x

To get the strings to print without a newline, in python2.x you will have to add a comma (,) at the end of the print statement as shown below:

print "Hello World ", 
print "Welcome to Guru99 Tutorials."

Output:

Hello World  Welcome to Guru99 Tutorials

Using Python sys module

Yet another method that you can use to print without a newline is the built-in module called sys.

Here is a working example that shows how to make use of the sys module to print without a newline.

To work with the sys module, first, import the module sys using the import keyword. Next, make use of the stdout.write() method available inside the sys module, to print your strings.

import sys

sys.stdout.write("Hello World ")
sys.stdout.write("Welcome to Guru99 Tutorials")

Output:

Hello World Welcome to Guru99 Tutorials

Using print() to print a list without a newline

Consider a list of items for example: mylist = ["PHP", JAVA", "C++", "C", "PHYTHON"] and you want to print the values inside the list using for-loop. So here you can make use of print() to display the values inside the list as shown in the example below:

mylist = ["PHP", "JAVA", "C++", "C", "PHYTHON"]
for i in mylist:
	print(i)

Output:

PHP
JAVA
C++
C
PHYTHON

The output shows the list items, each printed one after another, on a new line. What if you want all the items on the list in the same line? For that, make use of end argument inside print() that will remove the newline and print all items of the list in the same line.

mylist = ["PHP", "JAVA", "C++", "C", "PYTHON"]
for i in mylist:
	print(i, end=" ")

Output:

PHP JAVA C++ C PHYTHON

Printing the star(*) pattern without newline and space

In the example will make use of print() function to print stars(*) on the same line using for-loop.

for i in range(0, 20):
    print('*', end="")

Output:

********************

Summary:

  • Python print() built-in function is used to print the given content inside the command prompt. The default functionality of Python print is that it adds a newline character at the end.
  • From Python 3+, there is an additional parameter introduced for print() called end=. The param end= takes care of removing the newline that is added by default in print().
  • In python2.x you can add a comma (,) at the end of the print statement that will remove the newline.
  • Another method that you can use to print without a newline is the built-in module called sys.

 

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