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Before we jump more into Python coding, we get familiarize with Python Main function and its importance.

Consider the following code

def main():
     print "hello world!"
print "Guru99"

Here we got two pieces of print one is defined within a main function that is "Hello World" and the other is independent which is "Guru99". When you run the function def main ():

  • Only "Guru99" prints out
  • and not the code "Hello World."

Learn Python Main Function with Examples: Understand __main__

It is because we did not declare the call function "if__name__== "__main__".

  • When Python interpreter reads a source file, it will execute all the code found in it.
  • When Python runs the "source file" as the main program, it sets the special variable (__name__) to have a value ("__main__").
  • When you execute the main function, it will then read the "if" statement and checks whether __name__ does equal to __main__.
  • In Python "if__name__== "__main__" allows you to run the Python files either as reusable modules or standalone programs.

Like C, Python uses == for comparison while = for assignment. Python interpreter uses the main function in two ways

  • import: __name__= module's filename

    if statement==false, and the script in __main__ will not be executed

  • direct run:__name__=__main__

    if statement == True, and the script in _main_will be executed

  • So when the code is executed, it will check for module name with "if."

It is important that after defining the main function, you call the code by if__name__== "__main__" and then run the code, only then you will get the output "hello world!" in the programming console as shown below.

Learn Python Main Function with Examples: Understand __main__

Note: Make sure that after defining a main function, you leave some indent and not declare the code right below the def main(): function otherwise it will give indent error.

def main():
  print("Hello World!")
  
if __name__== "__main__":
  main()

print("Guru99")

Above examples are Python 3 codes, if you want to use Python 2, please consider following codes

def main():
  print "Hello World!"
  
if __name__== "__main__":
  main()

print "Guru99"

 

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