SAP Modules - Ultimate Guide

A SAP system is divided into modules like MM, SD which maps business process of that particular department or business unit.

Following is the list of module available in SAP system.

  1. SAP FI Module- FI stands for Financial Accounting
  2. SAP CO Module- CO stands for Controlling
  3. SAP PS Module - and PS is Project Systems
  4. SAP HR Module - HR stands for Human Resources
  5. SAP PM Module - where Plant Maintenance is the PM
  6. SAP MM Module - MM is Materials Management -
  7. SAP QM Module -  QM stands for Quality Management
  8. SAP PP Module - PP  is Production Planning
  9. SAP SD Module - SD is Sales and Distribution
  10. SAP BW Module - where BW stands for Business (Data) Warehouse
  11. SAP  EC Module - where EC stands for Enterprise Controlling
  12. SAP TR Module - where TR stands for Treasury
  13. SAP    IM Module - where IM stands for Investment Management
  14. SAP - IS where IS stands for Industries specific solution
  15. SAP - Basis
  16. SAP - ABAP
  17. SAP - Cross Application Components
  18. SAP - CRM where CRM stands for Customer Relationship Management
  19. SAP - SCM where SCM stands for Supply Chain Management
  20. SAP - PLM where PLM stands for Product LifeCycle Management
  21. SAP - SRM where SRM stands for Supplier Relationship Management
  22. SAP - CS where CS stands for Customer Service
  24. SAP - RE where RE stands for Real Estate

Following Video explains why SAP is divided into Modules

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Video Transcript with Key Takeaways Highlighted:
  • One of the principle reasons why SAP is so popular is that it is very flexible and customizable. It is said that if you have the time and money you can make SAP software to drive your car on autopilot
  • One way to achieve this flexibility is to break SAP system into different Modules like HR, Finance and so on which emulate business processes of that particular department or Business Unit
  • You can integrate one module with other or even third party interfaces.
  • Now depending upon your organization, you can have just module, or a few, or all the modules of SAP implemented. Also you can have integration with Third Party Systems
  • It is also possible to integrate modules from different ERP Vendors. So you can integrate
  • PP Module from SAP ,with HR Module of PeopleSoft
  • The various SAP Modules available are
  • Financial Modules like Financial Accounting , Controlling etc.
  • Logistics Modules like Materials , Sales etc.
  • Human Resource Management Modules. Human Resource Module will emulate HR related business processes like hiring , appraisals , termination etc .
  • Like wise Financial Accounting  which will emulate Finance related business processes and manage financial data likewise
  • Cross Application Modules, which essentially integrate SAP with other software applications
  • For our learning purposes lets focus on SAP HR module. SAP- HR provides comprehensive business processes, which map all HR activities in an enterprise.
  • The various sub modules or functionalities supported by SAP - HR is Recruitment
  • Training & Development, Time Management, Employee Benefits, Payroll, Travel
  • Cost Planning ,Reporting, ESS & MSS
  • We will look into the details of the sub-modules later in the trainings