If you want to control "when" to send a user request to a web server under test, what would you do?

JMeter gives us a feature to do that. It's Logic Controllers.

How to use Controllers in JMeter

 

Logic Controllers

Logic Controllers let you define the order of processing request in a Thread. For example, you can use Random Controllers to send HTTP requests to the server randomly.

Logic Controllers determine the order in which user request are executed.

Some commonly used Logic controllers are below:

How to use Controllers in JMeter

Recording Controller:

JMeter can record your Testing steps; recording controller is a place holder to store these recording steps.

How to use Controllers in JMeter

Simple Controller:

Simple Controller is just a container for user request.

How to use Controllers in JMeter

Loop Controller:

Loop Controller makes the user request run specified number of times or run forever as shown in figure:

How to use Controllers in JMeter

Random Controller:

Random Controller makes all the user requests run in random order in each loop period.

For example, you have 3 user requests to website http://www.google.com in following order:

  1. HTTP request
  2. FTP request
  3. JDBC request

These 3 requests should run 5 times; Total 15 (5*3) user requests will be sent to Google server by JMeter.

In sequential order, requests are sent sequentially in following order:

HTTP request ->FTP request->JDBC request

for each loop.

How to use Controllers in JMeter

In random order, requests are sent as randomly,

FTP request ->HTTP request->JDBC request

Or

JDBC request ->FTP request->HTTP request

For each loop.

Module Controller:

The goal of Module Controller is to add modularity to JMeter.

The general idea is that web applications consist of small units of functionality (i.e. Logon, Create Account, Logoff...). This functionality can be stored in Simple Controller as "modules".  Module Controller will choose which module needs to run.

How to use Controllers in JMeter

Consider the following scenario -

You want to simulate:

  • 50 users logging out,
  • 100 users logging in
  • 30 users  search www.google.com

You can use JMeter to create 3 modules. Each module simulates each user activity: Login, Logout, and Search.

How to use Controllers in JMeter

The Module controller chooses which module needs to run.

How to use Controllers in JMeter

Other Important Controllers:

  • Interleave Controller:  picks up and makes one of user request run in each loop of the thread.
  • Runtime Controller: controls how long its children are allowed to run.

For example, if you specified Runtime Controller 10 seconds, JMeter will run your test for 10 seconds.

How to use Controllers in JMeter

  • Transaction Controller: measures the overall time taken to finish a test execution
  • Include Controller: is designed to use an external test plan. This controller allows you to use multiple test plans in JMeter. See detail in JMeter Performance Testing.

Handons with Loop Controller

This section shows you step-by-steps instruction to add Loop Controller setting to your current performance test plan.

The Loop Controller makes the samplers run as a certain number of times, in addition to the loop value you specified for the Thread Group. For example, if you

  • Add one HTTP Request to a Loop Controller with a loop count 50
  • Configure the Thread Group loop count to 2
  • Then, JMeter will send a total of 50 * 2 = 100 HTTP Requests.

This is the roadmap of this example:

How to use Controllers in JMeter

Step 1) Configuring Thread Group

We re-use the Step 1, 2 in tutorial JMeter Performance Testing.

  1. Add Thread Group

          Right click on the Test Plan and add a new thread group: Add-> Threads (Users) ->Thread Group

          But in Thread Group control panel, enter Thread Properties as following:

How to use Controllers in JMeter

          It will make one user request to the web server google.com and  run it 2 times.

  1. Add JMeter elements

          Add HTTP request default to www.google.com.

  1. Adding Loop Controller

          Right Click Thread Group -> Logic Controller -> Loop Controller

How to use Controllers in JMeter

Step 2) Configuring Loop Controller

Add value 50 to Loop Count field as below figure. It will make one user request to the web server google.com run it 50 times, in addition to the loop value =2 , you specified for the Thread Group above.So JMeter will send a total of 2 * 50 = 100 HTTP Requests.

How to use Controllers in JMeter

Right click Loop Controller, Add -> Sampler -> HTTP request

How to use Controllers in JMeter

Step 3) Add View Results in Table

We re-use Step 2 in Timer to add View Results in Table

So the test plan is shown in below figure

How to use Controllers in JMeter

Step 4) Run your test

Now return View Results in Table, click Start button on Menu bar (Ctrl+R) to run test

As shown in the figure below, JMeter simulates one user request, which is sent 100 times, to the web server http://www.google.com/. The Test is stopped after user request was sent in 100 times.

How to use Controllers in JMeter

Troubleshooting:

  1. If you face the issue while running the above scenario ... do the following
  2. Check whether you are connecting to internet via a proxy. If yes, remove the proxy.
  3. Open a new instance of Jmeter
  4. Open the ControllerTestPlan.jmx in Jmeter
  5. Click on Thread Group -> View Result in Table
  6. Run the Test